The increased activity of the pancreas in an attempt to secrete additional insulin can cause inflammation throughout the gland. That chronic inflammation can actually destroy the beta cells which are the sites that secrete insulin. This downward spiral diminishes the body’s ability to make insulin at all – a dangerous path that can lead to diabetes.
Another marker of obesity and diabetes includes damage to liver cells. The liver is a major organ in the conversion between stored energy forms and useable energy forms in the body. Overburdening that system, such as with high fructose intake, can have disastrous effects. Inflammation within the liver indicates the onset of dysfunction, and possibly non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.